Halo Alpha
Halo Alpha

Help This article may not meet Halo Alpha's standards. You can help by cleaning this article.
“Their language doesn't translate in a literal manner, and each word has multiple meanings.”
— Cortana[1]
Speaking Elite

A Sangheili speaks in a language represented by Forerunner glyphs.

Members of the Covenant had their own unique languages. The races did not speak the same language due to evolutionary design restrictions; for example, the Kig-Yar cannot speak anything other than a warbling hissing sound and the Elites, their warbling. To facilitate easier communications between member species, translation software is used on Covenant ships to decipher words.

However, the main Covenant language seemed to be Sangheili, as most of the Covenant names are Sangheili words (e.g. Unggoy).[2]

The languages in their original form are heard in Halo: Combat Evolved. In Halo 2, their words are translated for the convenience of the player. Elites in Halo: CE spoke a deep, warbling tongue. This was achieved by reversing the voice acting of David Scully. The ever popular "Wort, wort, wort!" shouted by many Elites during gameplay is actually "Go, go, go!" reversed and sped up.[3] The hissing-like language of the Jackals is actually the English language reversed. This, and the other Covenant languages (Drones, Hunters), have remained the same since Halo 2.

Written language[]


A guide to the cipher at a former incarnation of halo2.com

Conversations from the Universe contains letters written by the Prophets of Truth and Supposition. The writing in these letters resembles English, with various alterations. This may be due to a connection between Covenant or Forerunner texts and English texts, or simply thanks to literary license on Bungie's behalf.

Text, or writing, in the Covenant appears to be mostly triangle shapes and composed almost completely of equilateral triangles, except for a single dash-like shape that seems to serve the function of a period. The triangular characters have been seen oriented both in the horizontal left-to-right direction and in a vertical right-to-left direction. It should be noted that the horizontal form of this text was useful for both Brutes and Jackals in Halo: Uprising Issue 1 so far. Whether all of the species that are or were in the Covenant use this form of text is currently unknown.

Before the release of Halo 2, the official website at Halo2.com was made to look like a Covenant computer complete with a Covenant language. This language was a simple cipher with the triangular characters. In addition to Halo2.com, a released wallpaper contained triangular characters that made use of this cipher.

After the Halo2.com site, the cipher changed. Two wallpapers were released with an entirely new cipher still using the triangular characters. Neither this cipher or the previous one have been used subsequently, though the triangular characters are still commonly used.



Main article: Sangheili

Though originating with the Sangheili, their language has come to be the Covenant lingua franca, used to connect the different races and species. It is seemingly based upon the Forerunner language,[2] likely pieced together from fragments recovered on Forerunner relics.

A few words, and their meanings, are known:

Word/Phrase English Translation/Meaning Source
Unggoy Grunt [2]
Kig-Yar Jackal
Sangheili Elite
Yanme'e Drone
Jiralhanae Brute
Lekgolo Hunter
San'Shyuum Prophet
Huragok Engineer (taken from the Forerunner name "Huragok")
Laqil Sangheili name for New Llanelli [4]
Sqala Sangheili name for Venezia [5]
Rakoi Sangheili name for Carrow [6]
Malurok Decided Heart (A Sangheili colony world) [7]
Kaidon Clan leader [8]
Ossoona Eye of the Prophet [9]
Wort Go [3]
Neru Pe 'Odosima Servants of the Abiding Truth [10]
Nishum Intestinal parasite or tapeworm; generally an insult towards humans [11]
A'ul A lump of wood [12]
Azuda Likely means "away," and is preceded with "wort" (as exclaimed by fleeing Unggoy in Halo: Reach)
Quilllick Small hunter [13]
Arum A toy designed for children [14]


Main article: Kig-Yar
Speaking Jackal

A Kig-Yar speaks his foreign tongue.

Kig-Yar language seems to consist of a range of hisses, growls, screeches, snarls, and squawks, though it is intelligible to other members of the Covenant.[15][16][17][18] The Kig-Yar can speak the Sangheili language. Though like any foreigner to a language, there is distortion caused by their birdlike bodies.As well, the Kig-Yar are capable of speaking the English language in a sort rasped and hushed like tone.[19] However, due to the same physical limitations from before, a majority of Kig-Yar are unable to prenonouce the letter "f" properly.[20] In the Post-war era, some Kig-Yar spoke to each other in a strange mix of English, Sangheili, and the Kig-Yar dialect.[21]

A few words, and their meanings, are known:

Word/Phrase English Translation/Meaning Source
Irukan The Kig-Yar name for a type of Sangheili grain [22]
Mev-ut The Kig-Yar equivalent of a bounty [23]
Jha-sig A kind of ailment [24]
Shaks A type of game played by Kig-Yar [25]


Main article: Unggoy

Their native language is composed of dog-like barks, squeaks, and grunts. Though largely unintelligible to most humans, translation software is able to decipher the meanings of these.[26] The word "Unggoy" itself is not a word from their vocabulary - rather, it is the Sangheili name for their species.[2] Unggoy are also fully capable of speaking a variety of human languages, a fact that they take great pride in.


Main article: Huragok

Huragok are the only known species in the Covenant to possess more than one language. One is a verbal language, consisting of whistles and chirps, used to convey orders between Huragok and their superiors, usually a Ship Master and their crew.[27] The second is a sign language, using the different shapes and positions of tentacles to convey different meanings. The Huragok sign language can be learned by other species, including Unggoy, though their inferior finger dexterity makes forming the shapes a cumbersome task, though Dadab a deacon was able to learn it.[18]


Main article: Yanme'e

Yanme'e use a system of chirps, clicks and buzzes to convey information between other members of the hive, rubbing their wings together to produce such sounds, similar to Earth crickets. Translator units are required for other species to understand them.[18] Combat units will usually elect an attache to serve as a translator, learning how the other races communicate and relaying the relevant information to the other Yanme'e.[28]


Main article: Lekgolo

Lekgolo communication with other species is problematic at best. Between different Mgalekgolo forms they use resonance that only their own species can hear and understand.[18] For inter-species communications, Mgalekgolo are capable of speaking at least the Sangheili language.[2]


Main article: Jiralhanae

The native Jiralhanae language is animalistic, incorporating a wide range of sounds from growls and barks, to full-out howls and roars,[17][18] though Jiralhanae also express emotions through scents and musks. Young Jiralhanae have difficulty controlling the release of these scents, but learn how to moderate them as they grow older.[18] A communal howl is often made by the Pack Chieftain as a sign of celebration, and failure to participate in the howl is a serious affront to the chieftain's authority.[18]


Main article: San'Shyuum

Based on religious sermons by the Prophet of Regret on Delta Halo, the native Prophet language is similar to Medieval Gregorian-style chanting.[16] Whether this is spoken by all San'Shyuum, or if it is a special dialect for religious purposes is unknown. The San'Shyuum are known, however, to use elaborate and/or simple hand movements. Most of the other Covenant races, including the Sangheili, were unaware of this form of communication.[13] One such hand gesture is the rippling of three fingers of one's right hand. This is the gesture of regret, meaning "All things flow away."[29]


Main article: Covenant Fringe

Since they were never actually annexed into the Covenant, a variety of languages flourish within the Covenant Fringe. Most notable of these languages are Yonhetian, the native language of the Yonhet, and Trade Pidgin.[30] Presumably, most of the fringe would also have spoken Sangheili.


  1. Halo: First Strike, page 156
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Halo: Ghosts of Onyx
  3. 3.0 3.1 EliteSpeak
  4. Halo: Glasslands, page 295
  5. Halo: Glasslands, page 262
  6. Halo: Envoy - Chapter 1, Page 6
  7. Halo 4: The Essential Visual Guide - page 29
  8. Halo: The Cole Protocol
  9. Halo: The Flood - page 28
  10. Halo: Glasslands
  11. Halo: The Thursday War - page 79
  12. Halo: The Thursday War - page 24
  13. 13.0 13.1 Halo: Broken Circle - Chapter 1
  14. Halo: Glasslands - page 89
  15. Halo: Combat Evolved
  16. 16.0 16.1 Halo 2
  17. 17.0 17.1 Halo 3
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 18.6 Halo: Contact Harvest - page ???
  19. Halo: Glasslands - page 156-157
  20. Halo: Mortal Dictata, page 394
  21. Halo: Mortal Dictata, page 92
  22. Halo: The Thursday War - page 62
  23. Halo: Glasslands - page 218
  24. Halo: Mortal Dictata, page 274
  25. Halo: Mortal Dictata, page 218
  26. Conversations From The Universe
  27. Halo: First Strike
  28. Halo Encyclopedia
  29. Halo: Broken Circle, page 4
  30. Halo Waypoint - Universe - Characters - Axl