Halo Alpha
Halo Alpha

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Melee Render

A strong arm, a key asset in the melee attack.

“Some days a bullet or a ball of hot plasma just isn't enough. Sometimes you just gotta beat a target to death with the butt of your gun.”
— Captain Nada Rand[1]

Melee is the act of physically attacking an enemy by hitting them with a weapon. In the Halo series, the majority of melee attacks involve using a ranged weapon as a bludgeon, while there are a few weapons that are melee-only. The melee action can be executed by pressing the B button on the default controller layout for the Xbox/Xbox 360 version of Halo: Combat Evolved, Halo 2, Halo 3, and Halo 3: ODST, by pressing the F key in the PC version of Halo: Combat Evolved and Halo 2, or by pressing the RB button in Halo: Reach, Halo: Combat Evolved Anniversary, Halo 4 and Halo: Spartan Assault with the default control setting.


Melee attacks are stealthy and conserve ammunition. The close-range attack causes damage to the target's bones and tissues, allowing an attacker to injure a target without using ammunition. A melee from behind functions by breaking the target's neck or spine, and is sufficient to kill virtually any enemy in the games, regardless of how much shielding or armor they happen to be wearing (with the exception of Hunters and Flood forms). Also, one melee against a sleeping Unggoy, regardless of difficulty or their rank, will kill them instantly.


The assassination medal in Halo: Reach

In Halo: Reach, a new melee feature, called an assassination, is presented. The user must hold the melee trigger while being behind the enemy, initially stabbing the opponent from behind to break their opponents' necks. This ability is also featured in Halo 4, but with many more animations dependent on how the assassination is approached.

In Campaign, melees are "silent," thus, they don't alert enemies the way gunfire does. If used carefully, players are capable of clearing an entire room without alerting the enemy.

Melee attacks are commonly used in multiplayer matches, where only a few blows are needed to kill an opponent; they allow one player to kill another without the sound of gunfire revealing their location or the weapons they are carrying. Melees are more efficient when used from behind.

Occasionally, two players with depleted or near-depleted shields will hit each other at around the same time, resulting in both players dying. In Halo: Combat Evolved, this resulting in being "killed by the Guardians." In the other games, both players are awarded the kill.


When wielding a melee weapon, it is possible to lunge at a distant enemy. If a target is close enough that aiming at them turns an attacker's Reticle red, then the attacker can aim at them and press RT. This will cause the attacker to lunge forward before striking.

A lunge delays a melee. If an attacker is wielding the Gravity Hammer, they may find a target and approach them. If the attacker aims away from the target, they can swing the hammer the moment their target gets within the "blast radius," killing the victim almost instantly. If, however, the attacker aims at the target, then the attacker will lunge before striking, even if the target is already within range when RT is pressed. The lunge delays the swing, giving the target more time to react, and creating extra risk for the attacker.

By contrast, lunging is extremely helpful when using the Energy Sword, as it lacks splash damage.

Melee System[]

Halo: Combat Evolved[]

In Halo: Combat Evolved, the melee simply caused damage to anyone in front of the user. There was no lunge function.

Halo 2[]

Halo 2's melee system was based on three levels of player movement, with a stationary melee doing the least damage, a running melee taking down roughly half of the target's shields, and a jumping melee almost completely removing the target's shields.[citation needed] Halo 2 Auto-Update 1.1 increased the melee's attack. The stationary melee destroys three quarters of the target's shields, a running melee destroys seven-eights of the target's shields and a jumping melee completely destroys the target's shields.

If a player performs a melee attack while dual-wielding, they will drop their left weapon.

Halo 2 melee attacks had the added benefit of canceling various animations and delays. This trait was shared by various other actions, and was exploited in the form of special button combinations. A common combination is the Double Melee, a rapid repetition of the button sequence B + X.

If the player is wielding a depleted energy sword handle, then hitting RT results in a normal melee strike. However, this melee can be performed much faster than normal, allowing the player to quickly beat down the enemy without ever drawing his/her gun. It is also noted that if holding a Brute Shot, the player can use a quicker-than-normal melee attack by hitting B. This attack does twice as much damage as a normal melee, and, as mentioned earlier, is much quicker.

Halo 3[]

In Halo 3, the attack's power increased, such that two blows to a normally-shielded opponent's body were sufficient to kill them. The attack also became more effective against some Campaign enemies, with fewer hits required to kill a Flood Combat Form. A Halo 3 title update balanced melees; if two unshielded players melee each other, both will die, and both will receive a point.

The increased power of Halo 3's melee attack has led to various new tactics and techniques regarding its usage. A common tactic is to charge an opponent using an Assault Rifle; the attacker drains their opponent's shields with the rifle, and then uses a melee to finish them off. Melees are also used in Noob Combos, with a common combo being the usage of a Mauler to drain an opponent's shields, followed by a melee.

A new feature is the ability to perform a normal melee attack while using melee weapons. Such weapons have both an RT attack and a B attack; the former attack is powerful, whereas the latter is faster. The Energy Sword's B attack is a rapid swipe; when pressing B with the Gravity Hammer, a player's character will jab the butt of the hammer forward. It should be noted that this attack causes much less damage than the gravity shockwave, but costs no energy.

Assassinating an opponent in multiplayer earns the player an Assassin medal, while a normal melee kill yields a Beat Down medal.

Halo 3: ODST[]

In Halo 3: ODST, the power of the melee attack has been drastically reduced, because the player characters, ODSTs, are ordinary humans, much weaker than the playable SPARTAN-IIs and Elites from previous titles. Although attacking from the rear is still lethal, it can take several hits from other angles to take down even the lowly Jackal, and trying to take on a Brute in hand-to-hand combat is risky, though 3-4 hits on normal difficulty is still enough to take one down. However, it's still possible to board a tank and destroy it with a few melees, possibly for gameplay reasons, or it may simply have been an oversight on Bungie's part. If you use the Brute Spikers/Brute Shot's "knife" melee however, you would get the same result as a Spartan's melee because of the blades underneath.

Halo: Reach[]

In Halo: Reach, one melee attack can completely deplete shields, no matter how much is left. Additionally, a new melee feature called "Assassination" is added to the game where players will be pulled into third-person view and watch an animation of their player model executing the enemy, with many of the Assassinations featuring UNSC combat knives (or Sangheili wrist blades if the player is an Elite). The feature is accessible to players by holding down the melee button while behind the enemy. There are more than 40 different animations that change depending on the position and weapon used.[1] Melee attacks are also able to "clang," where if two melee hits connect, instead of both players receiving damage they bounce off of each other instead. This can be used to counter the Energy Sword's "Lunge" attack, which, in previous games, was an instant kill.[2] In addition, if an enemy is in the act of being assassinated by a member of your team, you can in turn steal their kill by quickly killing the individual being assassinated. If you can manage to do so, such an act rewards you with the "Yoink!" medal, and an immediate voice announcing so. It also important to note that when being assassinated an ally can kill the opponent attempting to kill you giving them the medal Showstopper!.

Halo 4[]

Halo 4 features a more consistent melee; a melee to a player with a certain amount of their shields depleted will result in an instant kill. A popular tactic with automatic weapons is to fire on the target from mid range while closing in on them, then to follow up with a melee - this is usually sufficient to kill the target. The assassination feature from Halo: Reach has carried over, now with many more animations dependant on how the assassination is approached.


  • In Halo: Combat Evolved, a melee attack in the back can kill a Marine instantly. This was changed in Halo 2 and Halo 3.
  • If a player gets too close, Hunters will use their shields as melee weapons. A common tactic in Halo: Combat Evolved was to get close to a Hunter, then duck behind them while they swing to get an unobstructed shot at the weak point on their back. In Halo 2, Hunters were given rearward attacks specifically to counter this tactic.
  • In Halo 2's campaign, one melee from an Elite on Normal difficulty can instantly kill the player, Rarely, the player does not die; the player should not have taken any damage, and the melee is usually delivered in the front.
  • In the pre-beta (Bungie employees and staff only) versions of Halo 3 Multiplayer, the melee was less powerful, with a single melee failing to significantly deplete a player's shields.[citation needed]
  • In the Halo 3 Campaign, the Arbiter can melee while dual-wielding Plasma Rifles without dropping them. Similarly, Brute Chieftains who carry Plasma Cannons can still melee the player with it, most likely due to their colossal strength. The player, who takes control of a SPARTAN-II, the Arbiter, or Elites in Campaign and multiplayer does not have the strength needed to perform such feats, however allowing this would affect game balance.
  • In Halo 3, it is possible to assassinate a player through thin glass, such as that found in the bases on Valhalla and Snowbound. Also, a melee on the right shoulder will grant an Assassination Medal, the left shoulder will not.[citation needed]
  • In Halo Wars, the Spartans will often "drop" their weapon to start meleeing a close enemy.
  • If the player melees during the right time in Halo: Reach when an enemy lunges with the energy sword, the player can survive. However, the damage performed leaves behind very little health and the next lunge will kill.
  • Strangely in Halo: Reach, the Energy Sword does not consume its energy when an assassination is performed.
  • Marines can melee in Halo 2, but the attack is weak, and is only seen when the marine is sneaking up on an unaware enemy. Their melee attacks aren't enough to kill most enemies even from behind.
  • The melee description in Halo: Reach from bungie.net is "Not The Face!" possibly quoting a Red vs Blue line in which Grif cries "Not the face!" when Tex threatens to punch him.
  • In Halo: Reach it is possible to "yoink" an extended assassination from a player by shooting or meleeing the player being assassinated.
  • In Halo: Reach you can save a teammate by killing his assassin before the first half of the animation is done. This gets you the multiplayer medal "Showstopper medal."
  • The melee animations of Halo: Reach have been changed from Halo 3 to more closely resemble the animations from Halo: Combat Evolved. An example is that the melee with the Magnum is you hitting an enemy with the bottom of the grip while holding the gun by the barrel.
  • Unlike the games of the Halo trilogy where only the Plasma Pistol melee involves a punch, in Halo: Reach a punch will be used 50 percent of the time for most weapons.
  • In Halo: Reach most larger enemies as well as your allies will perform melee attacks if they are close enough. Although your trooper allies have weak attacks, the attacks of your Covenant enemies (Brutes, Elites, and Hunters) are very powerful and are capable of killing you even if you still have shields. The Hunter's melee attack is powerful enough to send medium-sized vehicles flying through the air and is more than capable of decimating the player if close enough.



  1. Halo: Spartan Assault, Random Pre-Game Quote